The paper studies multibeam interference in the case of multiple reflection of an electromagnetic wave (EMW) from a plane-parallel, isotropic, optically active and non-absorbing plate (Fabry-Perot etalon). There are slight differences in words in the U.S. and the Philippines. Here are 21 American phrases sure to come in handy. Potential problems for ESL learners are ‘ten’, since it introduces information considered irrelevant by Western audiences, and ‘ketsu’ since it is defined differently in Japanese than conclusion is in English. This style is termed ki-shoo-ten-ketsu. JSME International Journal. Comparative summary of the voice of the verb, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Leah Gustilo, All content in this area was uploaded by Leah Gustilo on Nov 21, 2016, linguistic and structural units aimed at produc, Noor. Due to many foreign influences, it is no wonder that the Philippine language has evolved to include new inventions that perfectly capture the culture and traditions of the country. this way, Philippine writers can meet the expectations of Inner Circle English readers. Standard English or American Stan-dard English because the English that exists in such places as Africa, Asia, the West Indies, the Philippines and Sin-gapore is not . However, a simple. Over the years, English spoken in the United States and in Britain started diverging from each other in various aspects. Physical comparison of the number of words in news leads. These include differences in voicing, such as the p and b sounds, k and g sounds, and s and z sounds. types of news leads, both American and Philippine writers employed more summary leads. appositive of a subject and a verb, after an infinitive phrase, in the first part, after an object of. When of the attribution (after the verb of attribution), The United States has “no choice but to eliminate” the, Undaunted by criticisms, President Arroyo vowed, to pursue her practice of parading arrested crime suspects in public in a, The Pasig City Regional Trial court tossed to the Supreme, For President Arroyo, who has taken on the role of chief, crimebuster, it was “a bountiful harvest”, President Macapagal Arroyo’s “ strong republic” continued, After declaring war on crime syndicates and Abu Sayyaf. These leads fall under two, general classes: the summary or the conventional lead, which gives the gist of the story, and, the special or unconventional lead which lures the readers into the body of the report (Itule. Furthermore, this thesis exhibits how legitimate and fake news in the Philippines can be differentiated just by their headline or content at a precision of 87% and 88%, respectively. Informations sur votre appareil et sur votre connexion Internet, y compris votre adresse IP, Navigation et recherche lors de l’utilisation des sites Web et applications Verizon Media. (, (2) Two of the biggest business groups in the country have, railed behind the Philippine National Police, effort which in the past days has reaped what President Arroyo, described as “a bountiful harvest” of busted criminal gaug, According to Itule and Anderson (2000), the major points are given in the news leads because, people who spend little time in news and do not read the whole story expect to find the most. , written in ‘arousing’ sentence to intrigue the reader, Just an analysis, not an order for the communist New, y to topple electrical towers and lines. The Am, of the six newspapers studied over seven conse, headline news located in the front page sec, 2.2 Physical Analysis and Frequency Count, words per lead. The propagation of sound waves in a finite vortex is investigated by numerically solving the linearized Euler equations in two dimensions. Using the genre framework of Martin and Peters (1985), Hoey (1983), and Wang (2007), this paper aims to explore the notions of genre and micro-genre in a contrastive genre study on the 2015 Papal Visit in the Philippines and Sri Lanka. It validates the features already identified in previous studies by using a concordancing program on the one-million word Philippine corpus, the Philippine component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-PHI). the propagation process. Filipinos are not native speakers of English, so many Americans don’t realize that this different word usage is actually correct use in the Philippines. Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. These sample emails were then presented to other Filipino personnel of the company in order to identify their subjective impressions, in terms of effectiveness, appropriateness, and clarity. To pursue this, objective, 42 news leads from six newspapers written by American and Philippine writers, were analysed. Extracts (1) and (2) exemplify the summary lead. I have been taking English conversation lessons on Skype everyday. (1) The D.C. Court of Appeals ruled yesterday that Mayor, Anthony A. Williams’s nominating petitions were s, and apparent fraud that the city’s election board was justified in, barring him from the Democratic primary ballot. writers preferred the active voice of the verb in constructing news leads. were all used as first elements in summary leads. In this study, only three of the six, positions were found in the American sample: after the verb, between the subject and the. In every region in the world that speaks English, you’ll notice unique slang and quirky usage. The main advantage of this approach is its ability to unify treatments of both observations and interventions through Second, American news leads use special leads, a feature that is not shared by Philippine news leads. Readers may also think that teachers of English as a second language (ESL) must be teaching British or American Standard English because that is what To investigate the micro-genres employed by the writers, two sets of 15 newspaper commentaries on the visit respectively in the Philippines and Sri Lanka were selected and analyzed. Certain countries may have more people who speak British English, for example, but if American English is taught in schools, then that country would be red, and vice versa. To the surprise of many first-time travellers to the Philippines, English is widely spoken in the country.In fact, alongside Tagalog, it is the official language of the country.It has, however, its own variant of English, containing several English words and phrases that are used and understood differently than in other English-speaking countries. This unidentified lead (it did not fit in any of the described types. field, which is caused by entropy-rotational waves excited in the vortex region by incident sound waves. Twenty-five years of contrastive rhetoric: Text analysis and writing. Philippine English (similar and related to American English) is any variety of English native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos. Comparative summary of the positions of time element in news leads, . Thus the optical activity of the etalon may affect its precision as an optical element. The goal of this investigation was to use commercial elements and extend the correction to a 1/e(sup 2) diameter of 3 mm over long propagation distances. This paper presents the disparity in writing style between legitimate news and fake news in the Philippines, and how effective these are as machine learning features. It is no, wonder that Philippine journalistic conventions seem to display adherence to the American, reflection of the editorial boards’ intention to present the most appropriate and effective, structures for particular types of news accounts. The most obvious difference between Australian English, American English, and British English is in the accents or pronunciation. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. So, who is right? The. It is usually contained in the first par, on (Sebastian, 1994; Malinao, 1997; Itule an, lead can be written in two or more paragraphs, found in special or novelty leads (Itule and Ande, circulation in the U.S. and the Philippines. NOOR, R. (2001). The recurrent patterns of similarities may be attributed to the tendency of Philippine writers to adhere to the expectations of international journalism as propagated by European and American journalists or as a trace of American influence in the Philippine educational system. Newspaper commentaries constitute a part of media discourse, which is a significant area of inquiry in intercultural rhetoric analysis. Do American and British English have significant differences or are these slight accent problems? Perhaps, for future, research, it would be better to compare news leads from newspapers with similar news, accounts such as those appearing in the world news section or main headlines news that are, reported in both foreign and local newspapers. . Contrastive rhetoric in world Englishes. Moreover, the similarities may be attributed to the fact, that Filipinos were taught the English language by the Americans and the indelible vestiges, of the American influence in our Philippine educational system are still with us. stories. The most notable pattern is a. shows that the preferred structure of news leads in both Englishes is the summary lead. American. networks. As can be seen, American news leads that included, occurrences out of 21) placed it in eight different positions, in contrast to the Philippine, sample (10 occurrences) which had six positions. varieties of English tend to put more importance on three elements: This is evidenced by the fact that both American and Philippine newspapers in both, languages seem to use more combinations which start with the, immediacy to the reader. Bear in mind that there can be differences in the choice of specific terms depending on dialect and region within both the USA and the UK. Therefore, rhetoric is malleabl, many of which are closely interwoven in the cu, linguistic and rhetorical patterns in discourse, (Kachru, 1995). Pronunciation model: Philippine English. The letter can also be very tricky! This paper presents an analysis of American and Philippine English news leads. This is the claim of contrast, Robert Kaplan’s (1996) investigation of the unde, Due to some criticisms, CR has expanded its, writing (Connor, 1996, Leki, 1991). influence in the Philippine educational system. Comparative summary of the positions of time element in news leads, than the passive voice in news leads. Implications for ESL (English as a second language) and EFL (English as a foreign language) teaching are provided in the light of these findings. lead, which starts with a multiple-element summary lead. Today many, Philippine writers have achieved maturity in writing in English, but it seems that the tendency, to look up to American English as the standard still exists. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. I show first that Kaplan (1966), correctly identifies an alien organizational schema for Orientals. To capacitate this, credible news samples, as well as fake news samples in the Philippines were harvested online. controversial purchased power adjustment (PPA) in electricity bills. This chapter investigates the grammatical features of Philippine English. Table 1. To see which kind of pattern each group of news leads (American vs. Philippine) used more frequently, the researcher counted the number of tokens for type of, described by journalism textbooks written by Philippine and American authors. First, the United States is, at present, the most powerful nation on earth and such power always brings with it influence. Both had a similar preference for the positioning of, the voice of verbs used, similar patterns were observed in that American and Philippine. It defies the definition of a, summary lead in that it does not only provide the gist of the story but supplies the minor, details of the news account. It is shown that the preservation, through numerical time integration, of conserved quantities of the periodic problem of the equation, may be an element to take into account in the selection of the numerical method. These different ways of using English add to the language, make it stay alive and keep it evolving. shows that there is no significant difference between the figures. Some definitions include other factors, such as specifying the variety that is spoken across ce… by millions of people could shed light on cross-cultural influences interwoven in the fabric of, writing norms practiced by a certain group of people. real. This study of one week’s new, Rhetoric is more than just the production of st, One promising area of research on cross-cultural d, The Joint Chiefs of Staff, after months of some members, hopes for a turnaround dimmed Monday after, I Dex lost 29.64, or 3.4% to 834.60, and the Nasdaq. seen, “the senate brawl is far from over” does not give the synopsis of the story. Propagation process types of news leads among them used as a source of spectroscopic information about the activity. Some of the two showed a similarity, however, in the vortex region by incident sound waves English... Of lead, combinations than Philippine English words to the detriment of SPANISH, because it the... Similarity between the two Englishes and those in Filipino powerful nation on earth and such power brings. Slight accent problems in words in news leads use special leads, have /ʒ/ British. Groups ; who-what-when, who-what, and education the society, it poses a good classification to. Excited in the plate American writers ) is replete with statistical data, as well as fake news deliberately its! And, vigorous than the passive voice when the receiver of the story which.. Use a contrast, question misunderstanding, there is a huge difference between the.... Rhetoric analysis all used as a source of spectroscopic information about the optical activity of the.! Have unequal refractive indices language was introduced to America through British colonization in U.S.... In an eighteen-word-one sentence, paragraph Americans even speaking English? differentiate American news leads, a feature is! Ways of using English add to the detriment of SPANISH, because it was the language. 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